Chapter 4 Lesson 2 Reading, Notes, Recap, and Review Questions
Chapter 4 Lesson 1 Reading, Notes, Recap, and Review Questions
Chapter 3 Lesson 1-2 - Reading, Notes and Review Questions
Chapter 1 Lesson 1-3 - Reading, Notes and Review Questions
Well this is it!! What a year! You have covered alot of ground. Like 50,000+ years of History going back to Uncle Ugh burning himself in a cave! Hours and hours of HW, Mr W's bad music, story time, 15 page tests, and all the challenges that Room 208 had to throw at you. You have come out the other side and hopefully here at the end of your time in class we are all at least a little bit smarter. If you've learned anything hopefully you realize that all subjects relate to History. An important science idea is what History is ALL about. In physics it is said that "for every action there is a reaction". You should have figured out by now that the physics quote applies to History, countries, important people, and even ourselves. You can be proud of what you have accomplished and I have very much enjoyed my time with you. Keep working hard and being kind! Don't be a stranger and good luck in the next steps of your own History. Play the Kahoot and enjoy the music!
Today we will finish the 20th Century to end the year. No HS or MS History class ever goes from Uncle Ugh keeping warm in a cave to the Information Age! You've done well:) We haven't spent nearly enough time on alot of things but hopefully all will be revisited in HS in greater depth. Yesterday you learned about WW II. After the Axis powers are defeated a confrontation called the Cold War dominates the world for the next 50 years and still simmers today. That would be between the countries that supported Communism vs the Western countries that support Capitalism and Democracy. The Soviet Union was a group of communist countries led by Russia. Opposing them were the Democratic countries of the world led by England and the United States. The Cold War very much explains why the world is the way it is today. From our relationship with Russia and China, to our involvement with Afghanistan & Iraq, to the tension in Korea and other places we can look to the Cold War for understanding.
* Sidenote- For those of you not answering the Prize Question correctly. The answer is always in the INTRO!!!!
* Read or listen to the short duckster lesson on the Cold War
* Do the crossword or the word search & share it with me
* Watch the History Bombs Cold War vid and answer the questions
* Optional- View the Number 2 Song in the History Class Top 5 Playlist!
Tomorrow! The big finish!!! The Number 1 song is revealed and a Kahoot from Uncle Ugh to the Space Age!
And the Number 2 song on the History Top 5 Playlist is a fan favorite that takes us back to 7th Grade US History! What will be Number 1 tomorrow??
1- List 5 big events in the Cold War
2- What were the 2 sides of the Cold War?
3- What did the 2 sides disagree about?
4- Ask 2 curiosity questions about the Cold War or World War II
5- Rate that song! 1-10
Today is World War II. WWII is really just an extension of the first World War. After the WWI the winning countries placed all of the blame for the war on Germany when in actual fact everyone involved was kind of equally to blame. Germany was forced into an impossible situation of having to pay for all of the damage from the war and giving up it's military. The 1920's world economy boomed because of all the manufacturing during the war. It was referred to as the Roaring 20's. But with the war over the economy didn't survive and the world fell into the worst economic depression in History. And no one suffered more than Germany. That gave way to bad influences like Adolph Hitler to take advantage of a terrible situation. Dr Nicky and I have visited alot of European battlefields. In a museum in Belgium we were given characters to act out. Dr Nicky was a war nurse and I was a boxer & soldier. It was a fun and informative experience. Choose which work to do from below.
* Choose one of the 3 sets of work to do
* Take 10-15+ Notes from the videos
* Answer the few questions at the end
* OPTIONAL- Knock yourself out with some learning and do multiple options! Be sure to let me know if you do this option!
Option 1- Shortest simplest option
Option 2- 3+ Level Work- The funniest option but the longest
Option 3- 4 Level Work- the hardest option but informative
1- What were 2-3 causes of WW II?
2- Who were 4 Allied Countries fighting in the war?
3- Who were 3 Axis Countries fighting in the war?
4- Who were 3 Allied leaders in the war?
5- Who were 2 Axis leaders in the war?
6- Of the horrible things that Germanys leaders did in the war what was the worst?
7- What was Germanys biggest mistake that would lead to their losing the war?
8- What big unfortunate event ended the war in Asia?
9- Prize Question- What characters did Dr Nicky and I play in World War I?
10- RATE THAT SONG!!!!! 1-10
We can thank the Ancient Greek writer, Aesop, for todays song.
Listen or Read the Duckster & do short quiz
Watch the 2 vids & take 3-5 notes on each
Optional- View The History Playlist Song Number 4 & Rate it 1-10
THE 20TH CENTURY- Wow, how far we have come! Today. World War I. One of the best examples in History of pathetic leadership getting millions of ordinary people into one of the most horrific couple stories in History. Imperialist Europe had developed an intense competition for who could own and control more of the world and it's resources. Most of Europe was still led by monarchies and many of the leaders were related. Each cousin wanted their country to be the most powerful. In the end World War I was like a family feud! The main factors that led to the Great War:
Nationalism- An unhealthy level of pride in your country at the expense of all other countries.
Militarism- Countries determined to have bigger and better militaries than all their neighbors.
Imperialism- As you know the competition to conquer & control as much of the world and it's resources as possible.
Unhealthy Alliances- Irresponsible alliances in Europe drag everyone into war
Take the Duckster Quiz & let me know result
3-5 Notes on each of the short videos
Ask one curiosity question you have about World War I
Rate Song Number 4 on the History Play List
Optional- For some extra learning- Two horrible History vids about the start of WWI
Very optional vids below- 2 Horrible History vids showing how ridiculous the start of WW I was.
The Last Week!!!!!!!!!!
Let's do this. Let's finish this story!
We have arrived at the Age of Imperialism, which could also be referred to as the Age or Introduction of Widespread Greed. The European countries are now flexing their new found muscle. They don't have alot of resources in their own small countries but they use their technological and military advantages to go out and take what they want from the rest of the world. European countries find out through the Age of Exploration that there's lots of resources out in the world to be had. And for the Industrial Revolution be successful it needs resources Europe doesn't have alot of. So out into the world they go conquering and colonizing all along the way.
Watch the Kahn Academy video taking 10+ notes and answering the few questions at the end. AND RATE THE FIRST SONG IN YOUR MIDDLE SCHOOL HISTORY PLAYLIST. TODAY IS NUMBER 5 ON THE LIST!
Well here we are! From Uncle Ugh through the Greeks and the Romans. There have been Dark Ages and Revolutions. There have been heroes and Villains. Romances. Adventures. Epics & Dramas. We've listened to music. Oh the music! We've laughed a little here and there. At times History has horrified & amazed us. We've studied the big changes in History and how important even the smallest of us can become(Joan of Arc?). The world and Europe rose out of the ashes to become a super continent and empires fell. You have worked your butts off in room 208(and remotely) to produce an awesome year of work and learning. I am very proud of this 8th grade class and here we are in the final week. Along the way I hope you have learned more than you knew about how the world was shaped into the world we live in today. As a group you will have gone farther into History than any other year I have taught and I have very much enjoyed my time with you. Let's finish this!
Video and intro Questions
1- What are the causes of the Age of Imperialism?
2- What countries do the most colonizing around the world?
3- What Revolution helps to create Imperialism? Hint it's not a violent one.
4- What is some technology Imperialism depended on?
5- In your own words what is Economic Capital?
6- In your on words what is capitalism?
7- Guess what big World event Imperialism will lead to.
8- What is the message in the first paragraph of the intro?
9- Rate that song!!!
Take 3-5 Notes on the intro
Take 5+ Notes on the Age of Revolutions Video
Take 5+ Notes on the Industrial Rev Video
3+ Optional Activity- In addition to the notes answer the questions
NEXT WEEK. THE 20th CENTURY!!!!
You have now gone farther into History than any other class I've taught!!! Today's Age? The Age of Revolution! Revolution is defined as big changes in something, or Transformation. It often takes the shape of a violent Revolution to overthrow and change leadership or government. Sometimes though it has to do with things other than conflict, like the Agricultural Revolution or the Industrial Revolution, to the Transportation Revolution. The Age of Revolution though featured many countries influenced by the Enlightenment ideas of having different types of government than Monarchies. The idea of Humanism, people having great potential, encouraged societies to want to get rid of Kings and have regular people run governments. What country takes the lead in this AGE and inspires worldwide change? That's right, the new United States of America after it's own Revolution gets rid of British/English rule. Our Revolution and the Age of Revolutions would not have happened without the thinkers of the Age of Enlightenment which could not have happened without the Printing Press and the Renaissance Age, which wouldn't have without....... As you can see History is just one big series of Cause and Effect that you should always be on the lookout for.
3+ Level Questions
1- What are some likely causes of a Revolution
2- What are a couple of very successful Revolutions and why were they successful?
3- What were 1 or 2 Revolutions that didn't go so well and why?
4- Give a definition of a Revolution in your own words and list 3-4 different types of Revolutions.
Today's Instructions- Take today & Thursday to complete
* Take 5+ Notes from the intro
* Take 5-7 Notes from the School Yard Rap video
* Take 5-7 Notes from the Powtoon video
* 3+ video. In addition to the above watch the Enlightenment Rap and use the resources to review in a paragraph what the Enlightenment was about.
Where In The World Are We?!?!?
Well that’s a good question! We have indeed come a very long way in covering 100’s of thousands of years of Human History. We have gotten to the last 400 years of Man’s story and with a little push we will get to the final 50 years. As we mentioned last week, our History has brought us to the Age of Exploration which you should remember from 7th Grade. Spain, France, and England would take the lead as European countries that would explore the other parts of the world, colonize and leave their mark for modern times. England of the 3 will go on to have the biggest influence around the world. It was their values, ideas on government, their culture that they would leave with us for the birth of our nation.
Take aways from The Renaissance & Reformation. You need to know that this is the time that would shape Modern Europe which would go on to colonize the Americas. It was a time where Europe recovered from the Dark Ages, and embraced science. Before this time local nobles and the church determined all aspects of life. Out of the Renaissance powerful countries emerged and people used science instead of religion to explain the world they lived in. The very important idea of HUMANISM was embraced. Humanism was the idea that individuals had their own potential. That they could determine their fate and make their own decisions. Before that people were told exactly how their life will be by a noble or the local church. All of this change of course was driven by the expansion of knowledge and information due to the influence of the Printing Press and economic trade. Because of the Renaissance and Reformation much of the world would be “Reborn” in Europes image. The Age of Exploration would open up a whole new world of ideas. This would introduce two new Ages to the world, The Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment.
So we have reached the crossroads of your 7th Grade US History and World History. King Henry the 8th and the Tudor family are the English leaders who start colonization of North America and what would become the United States. Henry is worth studying because he is a good example of bad leadership. Of an out of control tyrant who did not have enough checks on his power. Our Founding Fathers worried about out of control leadership and put together a government that could hopefully avoid influences like Henry and later King George. On the other hand his daughter Queen Elizabeth may have been the greatest monarch in History. Her leadership helped raise England to the superpower it would become. Their time also showed the growing divide between Christianity and Protestantism that would lead to conflict of religion for over 400 years. Dr Nicky and I were raised by our families one as Catholics and one as Protestant. Before our generation we would not have been allowed to get married because of our different religious backgrounds. As a child Dr Nicky may not have even been allowed in my families church of St Rose. Thankfully in our country, and much of the world, we have become far more tolerant in the past 40+ years. This country more and more has lived up to it's ideals of religious freedom and that makes us a and the world a better happier place. Today watch the video of Henry the 8th to see an example of leadership, conflict and religious differences.
Use the resource and video below to help answer the questions.
1- What religion did Henry change England from and to?
2- Describe what Henry was like in his younger years before being King and early in his reign.
3- Describe what Henry was like later in his reign.
4- Would we want Henry as a leader today? Why or why not?
5- Who was Henry's favorite wife?
6- Review 2-5 things Henry was good about or at.
7- Review 2-5 things he was bad about.
8- Ask 1-2 curiosity questions.
9- Bonus question. What was the name of the church Mr W attended when he was young.
Take today and Monday to finish the work. Tuesday we will arrive in America!
Videos and questions
Today and Monday we will wrap up the Renaissance and the Reformation. This Age moves people out of the Dark Ages and also embraces science and individual thought. During the Dark Ages people depended on the church for all their guidance and support. As things got better individuals started to consider science and thinking for themselves. This led them to question the Church and the way religion was delivered to them. People started thinking they could enjoy their religion without a powerful church telling them how to be religious. The Renaissance and the Reformation had an engine that drove them and that was the Printing Press. Without the Printing Press the Church would control all information and wouldn't allow changes. Before the Printing Press books were copied by hand so there were very few of them and very few educated people. With the invention of the Printing Press learning took off! One of the countries that left the Catholic Church was England. Henry the 8th wanted a divorce from his first wife and the Church wouldn't give him one so he changed his country to the new version of Christianity, Protestantism. Henry's conversion of England to Protestantism would be the religion that England spreads to America and influences the start of our country. So the Reformation and Henry's England are important to know because of the cultural impact they had on the start of our country. This split in Christianity led to centuries of conflict right up until recent times.
Use the intro and watch the videos below and answer the questions below. Some of you may have already watched the second video.
1 The Reformation changed what religion?
2 Luther didn't like what about the church?
3 What is it called to buy your way out of sins?
4 What did Luther nail to the church door?
5 What is the new branch of Christianity?
6 What was the Bible written in before Luther?
7 What does Luther think the Church focus had become?
8 The Reformation divides Christianity into what two branches?
9 Why did Henry want to divorce his first wife?
10 Why did Henry change the religion of England and who did he put in charge of religion in England?
11 How many marriages did Henry have?!?!
12 What important invention drove the Renaissance and the Reformation?
13 RATE THAT SONG!!! 1-10.
Todays Work- Take today and Thursday to complete.
Choose the 3 or 3+ Level Activities
Intro: So we study the 100 Years War because it establishes England as a world superpower. They would use this power to go and colonize much of the world, including what would become the United States. They have to battle and rise above the Spanish and the French along the way. Also an important result of the war was that the Tudor family ends up in charge. By this time England had established a constitutional called the Magna Carta, enacted a Bill of Rights, a court system, and limited the kings power with a cooperating government of elected officials. But the monarchy still had alot of power as the Tudor family would show. The most famous Tudors you may have heard of, Henry the 8th and his daughter Elizabeth the 1st. During their time Europe and Christianity are experiencing the Renaissance and the Reformation. The Reformation is when Christianity divided into two halves, Catholic and Protestant. The Protestants thought the Catholic Christian Church had lost it's way and wanted Christianity to be simpler and more humble. The Catholic Church thought it got big and powerful enough to do alot of good. Henry the 8th was a product of the Renaissance and the Reformation. One of my favorite places to visit in England is Henry's palace called Hampton Court. Today I will share with you some details about the Renaissance and the Reformation. On Friday we will cover the Tudors. The meme below is a "Heads Up" for the Tudor studies. An image of Henry the 8th as a teaser to Fridays work. He was not a nice man!
3 Level Work
1- Watch the 3 videos below.
2- List 3-5 things you were familiar with
3- List 7+ things you learned
4- Watch the song video and list 4+ people you've heard of.
Rate the song 1-10. It's a good one today!
5- Prize Q- What house of Henry the 8th has Mr W enjoyed visiting?
3+ Level Work
1- Watch the video below.
2- List 3-5 things you already knew
3- List 7 things you learned
4- Watch the song video and list 4+ people you've heard of.
Rate the song 1-10. It's a good one today!
5- Prize Q- What house of Henry the 8th has Mr W enjoyed visiting?
This week we will study The Renaissance Age. This Age sees Europe having overcome the Dark Ages. Europe can thank the Middle East for helping improve their economy through trade and the sharing of knowledge and ideas that had been lost to Europe for centuries. Also to thank, Monks in monasteries. The only places in Europe that were still reading, writing, learning, and copying books were the monks in monasteries. They were the only ones in the continent to copy books(by hand!) and preserve old knowledge. They were the only ones who could read those books though and the books stayed in their libraries until literacy levels improved. They say that the Irish monks in their monasteries preserved and saved Western Civilization by recording all the Ancient Greek and Roman ideas. So Europe experiences a Rebirth of culture, learning and trade. This time features great minds like Leanardo Da Vinci and William Shakespeare. Artists like Raphael and Michelangelo. Many countries of Europe that we know today get their start at this time. And it was a time of invention and perhaps the greatest invention since Uncle Ugh and fire, the Printing Press! You will learn that Italian cities like Florence and Venice become rich and famous at this time and fund the growth of the Renaissance Age. Florence is a most amazing Renaissance city the Dr Nicky and I have enjoyed spending time in. And within this Age is also the Age of Exploration which will lead to the European Discovery of America and the beginnings of our country.
Take today and Tuesday to do the Duckster lesson, the Duckster crossword or word find, and the questions below. When sharing your question answers also share your Duckster result in some way. I would suggest a screen shot.
US History Review Questions!! Research a little if you need to.
1- What 3 European countries explore the Americas the most?
2- Early in the Age of Exploration what country becomes the most rich and powerful?
3- What explorer claims much of the Americas for this powerful European country?
4- What were a couple of powerful American Civilizations that Europeans conquered?
5- What event happened that would lead to England becoming the leader in North American colonization?
6- What was the Magna Carta and what American document did it influence?
7- What were the 3 G's that Europeans were coming to the America's for?
8- What were the English Bill of Rights and what American rights did they lead to?
9- What Renaissance City have Dr Nicky and I enjoyed spending time in?
Practice the European countries and let me know your result and time.
Take today, Friday, and the weekend to finish the following work.
Do the Henry the V work
Do the Joan of Arc Work
Intro- Today we take a look at the rivalry between France and England. Whoever comes out on top in this rivalry will be the biggest influence establishing the United States. The 100 Years War shows us the rise of these two rising superpowers. And Henry the 5th and Joan of Arc are two great individual examples in that rivalry.
Also today I am going to introduce for the final few weeks a treat challenge. In your feedback or the intro each day I will provide a detail that will put you into a winners draw for a shot at a Mr W prize when you come to my class in the Fall. You all know how substantial my prizes are! How many prizes will you win. Todays detail is Mr W has spent alot of time in the town of Monmouth, Wales where Henry the V spent alot of time.
After todays work we will be finished our study of the Middle/Dark Ages. We have technically arrived at the Modern Age! It is a time that features a rebirth(Renaissance) of Europe. It is highlighted by the Age of Exploration and the establishment of what will become the United States.
Henry the V
Level 3 Work- Read the info below, just watch the challenging video, and answer the 3 level Q's
Level 4 Challenging Work- Read the info below watch the video and answer the 4 level questions.
Henry the V- Yesterday you learned of perhaps the most famous English King, Henry the V. He is often given credit for establishing England as unique country of it's own, no longer heavily influenced by French leadership and culture. The kind of England that would impose it's culture on us. Most of you talked about what a ruthless and effective leader Henry was. This is true but he was also a wildly popular leader with his people and and the greatest of English heroes. He was more popular with the common folk than almost any monarch in History as he chose to spend alot of time with commoners as a fun loving young adult. Watch the video to get a better sense of what kind of leader he was. Answer the questions that follow. Take your time as it is uses old English style talk. Don't get frustrated and just do the best you can. And try and enjoy it!
3 Level Questions
What is the mood of the army before Henry's speech and after?
How does your opinion of Henry's leadership change after watching the video?
4 Level Questions
1- What benefit does Henry think there is in NOT having more men from England?
2- What holiday is the Battle of Agincourt being fought on?
3- How does Henry say they will be remembered in the years to come?
4- Henry says that those who shed blood with him today will be his what? It is this kind of idea that makes him so popular!
5- Before Henry's speech what was the mood of the troops? How about after?
6- Harold the French diplomat comes to camp asking Harry to what?
7- What kind of warriors does Henry say the English are? What does he mean by this?
8- How does Henry reply?
9- What does it seem like Harold's opinion of Henry is?
10- Does this video change your views on Henry's leadership and how?
11- Ask 1-2 curiosity questions about the scene you've watched before the Battle of Agincourt.
Joan of Arc
Do the short Duckster Lesson and take the quiz linked at the bottom. Let me know the result.
Watch the short videos of Joan of Arc and answer the questions below
From the videos and your work.
1- List 5-10 details about Joan you find interesting.
2- What were the circumstances of Joan of Arcs upbringing?
3- What special powers did Joan of Arc claim to have?
4- Describe Joan of Arc as a leader.
5- What leader would you have followed into battle, Joan or Henry, and why?
6- Mr W Prize Question: What town that Henry spent alot of time in has Mr Westberry also spent alot of time in?
Do the following Tuesday & Wednesday
Do the short 100 Years War Lesson
Do the Henry the 5th Activity
Do the Battle of Agincourt Activity
We are coming to the end of the Dark and Middle Ages. Out those times England, France and Spain will emerge as 3 powerful countries. As you will recall from US and Maine History it is those 3 countries that leave their imprint on the Americas. Before England and France can stand on their own they have many conflicts to see who owns who. Each country's King(or Queen!) thinks that they are meant to rule the other. The worst of these wars is the 100 Years War! This conflict happens at the end of the Middle Ages and both countries Monarchs think they rule both lands. Whoever wins the war will rule both countries. The war will decide who is the superpower of Europe as it comes out of the Middle Ages. The conflict features a couple of famous people in History, young charasmatic English King Henry the 5th and French inspirational heroine Joan of Arc. Take Tuesday and Wednesday to complete the following activities.
Review the short lesson in the tab below about the 100 Years War. Take the quiz at the end of the lesson. When taking the quiz please write out each answer. Remember that you can listen to the audio of the lesson if you prefer. The quiz and the audio look like this:
Henry the 5th
Need help? Need to catchup? Just like doing History?
Mr W's Office Hours
2:30-3:00. Tue & Thur
8th Grade Measurement Topics
1 Culture- Culture impacts society.
2 Technology- Tech & innovation impacts societal change.
3 Religion- Religions impacted history and the world today.
4 Transformation- Different forms of change.
5 Conflict- Why people enter into conflict or war.
Continents & Oceans
Isaac O 9.5
Manny C 9.6
Jason K 10.1
Mr W 13.1
Physical Features of the World
Isaac O 49.4
Holly H 50.4
Taylor T 52.6
Taylor T 51.9
Zavier D 52.2
Ethan H 55.2
20 Biggest Countries of the World
Isaac O 19.9
Manny C 20.5
Brooklyn F 22.0
Taylor T 22.0
Alicen B 31.4
Jason K 31.5
Brock B 32.4
Mr W 41.7
Alicen D 53.6
Brock B 54.8
Libby C 1:00
South American Physical Features
Alicen B 13.8
Jason K 14.0
Rylee H 14.7
Africa Physical Features
Jared M 25.3
Gabe M 25.6
Libby C 25.9
Social Studies Challenges!!